What’s a ‘Bloco’ and what should I expect?

Hooray! Carnaval (that’s the Portuguese spelling) season is well and truly under way! I’ve been posting up a few photos from the bloco I went to last Sunday on the Eat Rio Facebook page, but I think it’s time I said a little more about this quintessentially Brazilian festival.

Timoneiras da Viola – the bloco I visited last Sunday. It was great!


The main days of Carnaval are from Saturday to Wednesday – the exact date changes each year (the closing Wednesday is Ash Wednesday). This year it will run from 17th-21st February. I say “main days” because Carnaval actually kicked off weeks ago!

In much the same way that back home, people put plans on hold in the run-up to Christmas, many people in Brazil put a lot of things on hold in the whole period between New Year and Carnaval (I’ve heard several business owners bemoan this reduction in productivity!). I’m not sure about the cause and effect relationship here, but many people use this ‘quiet time’ to go to the many blocos that are held in the weeks before Carnaval kicks off.

A bloco is like a massive street party. Each bloco will have a name (often funny or suggestive) and a soundsystem – some move, others stay still. The ones that move usually give people a few hours to gather and get merry before actually going anywhere and the pace is always slow. During the gathering time, a leaflet is sometimes handed out which contains the bloco’s song – this gives people a chance to learn the lyrics.

The lyric sheet from last Sunday’s bloco.


I don’t think I’ve ever been to a bloco that could be described as ‘quiet’. Imagine thousands of people all getting together to have a big party. Everyone is slurping down ice cold beer – which is being sold everywhere for around R$3-4 ($2/£1). There will be a large group of people playing drums and various other percussion instruments – they belong to the bloco and all wear the bloco’s shirt.

Samba and smiles and beer and dancing and sunshine.


Incidentally, the guy in the picture above is playing the Cuíca, that strange sounding instrument that non-Brazilians may know from the start of Paul Simon’s Me and Julio down by the schoolyard. This bizarre instrument sounds great when all the other music is going on, but this guy’s neighbours must hate him…


I’m not a big dancer, but when you’re immersed in the party atmosphere (and with the help of a few beers), it’s hard not to start shuffling around to the samba – it’s a lot of fun!

When carnaval really gets going (Satruday-Wednesday) some of the blocos get extremely busy. I don’t know the official numbers, but I was told that one of the most popular blocos, bola preta, has nearly a million attendees! When we tried to go to that last year, we didn’t even get close – instead we had fun at one of the many satellite bloquinhos that sprang up on the outskirts.

Unsurprisingly, those kinds of numbers put a lot of people off, so some blocos adopt coping strategies such as changing their name each year, or keeping the date and location secret. This then leads to rumours and tips and everyone trying to work out which will be the best place to be. Personally I leave all that stuff to the professionals and just go with the flow – the whole thing feels pretty chaotic anyway, so my advice is to just show up with a party attitude – the fun will find you!

I’ll leave you with some footage of the bloco last Sunday – sorry the sound is so bad and yes, that guy is playing a frying pan…

4 replies
  1. The Gritty Poet
    The Gritty Poet says:

    Goodbye Rosiee, the queen of Corona. . . ( I just did my own Samba to P Simon,). God, I just love that song :-)
    Hey, I should organize a “Bloco do Gritty”, featuring the music that I love for a change. Maybe I’ll let you participate and include that herb garden float idea you’ve submitted to the Rio blocos, to no avail.
    Yes, O Bloco do Gritty: it is your thyme to shine.

    The Bloco will open with a cuica based version of this

    • tomlemes
      tomlemes says:

      Heh heh, I take it you’re not a fan of the traditional carnival music?

      The plan I submitted was for people dressed as Habaneros and Malaguetas to link hands in a samba of unity at this bloco (get me?). They thanked me for my letter and said they might consider it for next year…

  2. Andres
    Andres says:

    God, if only we could have this in England.
    Or more accurately: if only we could have this without everyone getting pissed, lairy, then starting as many fights as possible/stabbing each other/ throwing up on each other.
    Brazil is clearly awesome!

    • tomlemes
      tomlemes says:

      Ha ha, eu concordo Andres! O Brasil é demais!

      The aggressive drunk behaviour isn’t completely absent here, but it’s pretty rare and that allows all the normal, nice people to relax and have fun without fear. You should come over and check it out next year mate – I’m fairly sure that the fixies haven’t made it over here yet :D


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